Overcoming Depression: What Psychological Disorder Do I Have?
Feeling sad or frustrated in certain situations is a normal reaction of any person, but when these feelings become very strong and last for a long period of time, they are the primer signs of depression, which is quite dangerous.
What psychological disorder do I have? That’s a frequently asked question. When realizing possible complications, people start seeking for the ways to overcome the situation, but only some of them are successful in their searching. The signs of depression include:
•feelings of fatigue;
•lack of energy;
•emotion of hopelessness;
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As there are different kinds of depression, they have slightly different signs and lead to various complications.
Kinds Of Depression And Possible Risks
Depression is usually caused by a combination of several factors (physical, psychological, emotional, genetic, biochemical, social). At times, it’s getting pretty hard to track the contribution made by these kinds of depression, but, as a rule, they lead to the same risks:
•problems at work and at home;
So what are those different kinds of depression people suffer from? Why do they appear? How to overcome them? What psychological disorder do I have?
This is a chronic kind of depression, which differs from other types. It appears when one has been experiencing dark, sad or low moods on many days for 2 years or even longer. Specialists assure that this depression is hereditary and is more common for women. At times it is rather difficult to diagnose it.
When asking yourself what psychological disorder you have, view the main symptoms of the dysthymia: being self-critical and having more complains than fun.
It occurs in those people, who are experiencing depression in combination with psychosis. Many people start suffering from hallucinations. The primer symptoms of this depression include anxiety and agitation. Many people suffer from insomnia or even experience constipation and physical immobility.
Some years ago this depression was known as manic depression. This sort of disorder is rather severe, affecting lives, relationships and careers. As a rule, this depression is characterized by mood swings that lead to severe consequences.
It can be characterized as depression accompanied by alternating and mild mood swings of depression and election that occur during a long period of time. Mood swings last for lengthy periods (from 3 weeks to several months) and can develop into bipolar disorders.
Many women experience depression during pregnancy, which increases in the postnatal period, about one year following birth.
As you see, different kinds of depression vary in symptoms and duration. “What psychological disorder do I have ?“ – it is the question, which is hard to answer. Consult your doctor to prevent possible consequences.
Is Depression a Disease? Why?
Today depression became a very common word. When someone feels down, the most probable diagnosis is “you have a depression”. Is it correct to say like this? Is depression a disease or it is just a state of mind? The answer depends on how serious you take this term and what is your reaction on it. Usually people with real depression do not say about it that frequently. The situation around depression is a little bit confusing, so let’s try to find out what’s what by looking at both sides: decease and “bad mood”.
Common opinions concerning depression
When in autumn days are getting shorter and the weather is getting colder, you can hear many people complaining about depression. Feelings of guilt, low self-esteem or long lasting anxiety may be also called depression. This kind of depression is rather not a disease, but just a reaction to severe external conditions. Lots of stress, which is almost a normal thing nowadays, may also be referred to as a state of depression. Maybe depression is a fashionable word, but to know if it is properly used, it is necessary to know what depression is according to the opinion of specialists.
What is depression? The definition of the disease
Psychologists define depression as a disease. The reason for that is that it makes significant changes in somatic and psychological health of a person. To call a depression, there should be the following symptoms:
•depressed mood for most of the day
•incapability to concentrate, indecision
•significant weight loss or gain
•feeling of guilt
•low self-esteem, hopelessness
These symptoms may be complemented with more severe manifestations, for example, suicidal thoughts. Depression can not be diagnosed in 5 minutes, it requires long observation. Not all symptoms can be manifested, and in some situations they can be an evidence of other diseases.
Some facts about depression as a disease
•Women turn to doctors more frequently: 80 to 20 per cent respectively. The reason for that is that men are more likely to fight depression with alcohol rather than seeking for help from the outside, while women are more concerned about their health.
•Depression can cause disease of internal organs, mostly heart, thyroid gland, digestive organs and joints (osteochondrosis). Sometimes doctors try to cure these illnesses without taking depression into account and the treatment is inefficient.
•There can be genetic predisposition for depression. Scientists have even found genes responsible for it.
•Depression is evenly distributed in all countries, both rich and poor. It has been known from ancient times, so all modern inventions (such as TV and computers) and lifestyle do not cause depression. However, they can be worsening factors.
•The highest percentage of depression is registered among people of 40-50 years old, both men and women. Depression is also widespread among children, but it is rarely diagnosed, which is mostly a fault of parents.
•Physical exercise is a good preventive measure against depression. Sport activities stimulate secretion of endorphins, or hormones of happiness. They reduce the feeling of depression.
Do not let depression become a real disease
The most important point is that both colloquial and scientific meanings of depression should not be confused. It is not a big problem when you simply call your state depression, but it may bring bad consequences when you try to treat it the wrong way. The use of antidepressants is only recommended as a last resort in severe cases. This is why people who start using it may become really sick. Today there are many so-called psychologists that offer their services to those who suffer from depression. Some of them can even bring more problems as they do not know traditional medicine. If you, for example, have a headache that makes you feel depressed, it may be a problem with your heart or brain, but not a psychological problem.
Do not exaggerate the severity of your condition. If you always say that you have depression, it may become true. On the other hand, if real depression is not diagnosed in time, it will bring even worse consequences. So, the only advice here is to turn to professionals and always take care of yourself.
Side Effects Of Vitamin D Deficiency
Vitamins are a group of organic compounds that act as catalysts in various chemical reactions. A compound can not be classified as a vitamin unless it is shown that a deficiency of it causes disease. Contrary to popular belief, vitamins do not provide energy directly. As catalysts, they are part of the enzyme systems required for the release of energy from protein, fat, and carbohydrates. Vitamins also are necessary for the formation of red blood cells, hormones, genetic materials, and the nervous system. They are essential for normal growth and development.
There are two types of vitamins: fat soluble and water soluble. The four fat soluble vitamins are A, D, E, and K. the nine required water-soluble vitamins are thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, pyridoxine, pantothenic acid, vitamin B12, folic acid, biotin and vitamin C.
Vitamin D or Calciferol functions by increasing intestinal absorption of Calcium and promotes ossification of bones and teeth. Ossification, in layman’s term, is the laying down or generation of new bones by a certain process as well. Thus, there is surely imposing side effects of Vitamin D deficiency or excess.
•Hypocalcemia is the plasma calcium level reaching less than 8.5 mg/dL. The cause can be divided into four categories: (1) impaired ability to mobilize calcium bones stores, (2) abnormal losses of calcium from the kidney, (3) increased protein binding or chelation such that greater proportions of calcium are in the nonionized form, and (4) soft tissue sequestration. Simply saying the decrease of Vitamin D, which helps in absorbing calcium, will also lead to more calcium level in blood unabsorbed making the homeostasis imbalance.
•Various bone development diseases is a general term of affection caused by inadequate Vitamin D.
•Osteoporosis is a skeletal disorder characterized by the loss of bone mass and deterioration of the architecture of cancellous bone with a subsequent increase in bone fragility and susceptibility to fractures. Vitamin D also has something to do with it due to its function to calcium.
•Rickets is a disorder of vitamin D deficiency, inadequate calcium absorption, and impaired mineralization of bone in children.
With the modification of harmful toxic substances around us, there may be various possible side effects of lack of Vitamin D in the body other than the above-mentioned yet left undiscovered due to some reasons. Yet, what matters is the lesson behind for us to pay attention to our health which is our ultimate wealth.
Low Vitamin D Side Effects
There has some function of vitamin D. Calcium and phosphorous are most important for healthy bones as they are what the bones are made up of , vitamin D place a vital role in insuring that this minerals are absorbed properly in the bones. Vitamin D helps the intestines to absorb calcium from the food that we eat. Vitamin D is required in very simple amounts by human body. Aged between 1-50 years require a daily dose of 5mcg. There has two class effects of vitamin D deficiency are in children and in osteoporosis in adults. Let’s check some low vitamin D side effects.
Low Vitamin D Side Effects
If one take too much vitamin D and go over his/her daily recommended does , one can encounter or all of the side effects:
Sore eyes, bone pain, irritability, dehydration, constipation, muscle problems, vomiting, frequent need to unique (decreased appetite) and fatigue. It is caused by inadequate absorption of calcium and phosphate which can lead to diseases. A metabolic bone disease in which the bones become soft and prone to distortion and for this teeth become defective. The most common in children is Rachitis. So they need vitamin D most. Vitamin D deficiency may increase the risk of heart attack and stroke in middle age people. Over the next five years , 50% of the population with reduce content of vitamin D in the blood experienced infarction stoke or had a serious problem. Lack of vitamin D is a common finding in woman suffering like as breast cancer. It points to a bad progression, occurrence of relapse and which increase risk of death . Vitamin D can cause chronic pain in woman . For children the recommended doses is 1000 IU (international units : used for vitamin) , and for adults is 2000 IU. Vitamin D is responsible for control of calcium and phosphorus levels in our blood. To reach an accurate overdose it takes anywhere from several days to a few month. It is very hard to diagnose vitamin D overdose it is very rare.
We should limit our intake for some period of time. Vitamin D is fat soluble. It means that it is stored in our fat calls. It may take some time until all the reserves in our body are depleted, including those fat calls. There is an one kind of vitamin that is called cholecalciferol which dissolves in fat. You can consume it by food. Liver and kidneys convert the vitamin D into the active form. Main biological vitamin D function is to maintain normal calcium and phosphorus level in our blood. Lack of vitamin D may manifest in to the Hypocalcaemia, Hypophosphatemia.
Deficiency In Vitamin D
Vitamin D is usually found from day light. It always helps to make your bones strong. Vegetables and nutritious foods are another source of vitamin D. Vitamin D is classified into vitamin D2 and D3. D2 is known as ergocalciferol and D3 is known as cholecalciferol. The ultra violet ray from sun light produces vitamin D in vertebrates under the skin. A small number of foods are essential to get vitamin D such as egg, fishes and meat. It helps to develop the stability of calcium in bones. It is much essential for newborn children to strengthen their bones. Deficiency of vitamin D causes different diseases such as rickets, bone cancer etc.
Lack of vitamin D can weaken your bones. Some old people have to face this problem. Sometimes it happens on children too. Doctors suggest them to take proper food and calcium tablets. Calcium tablets including vitamin D can increase 60% absorption power from sun light. Mushrooms are another source of vitamin D. doctors also suggests it when people suffer from deficiency in vitamin D.
Vitamin moves from blood to liver and changed into the prohormone calcidiol. After that, Moving calcidiol turned into calcitriol. It is the active form of vitamin D in monocyte-macrophages or in kidneys. Shortage of vitamin D can damage some function of the human body.
Deficiency of vitamin D is closely attached with the disease named rickets. It is a bone related disease. Bones cannot include calcium at the proper way and affects the bones. As a result, it causes skeletal distortion. For that, kidneys cannot modify vitamin D into its active form. It naturally happens on old age and kidneys fail to continue its program. Overweight is the another reason for the deficiency of vitamin D. Fat cells absorb the vitamin D and send a low percent to the body. As a result, your body does not get proper stabilities. The better option is to loose the excessive weight in your body.
Vitamin D is essential for many reasons. It is mostly important for the woman to prevent some particular disease such as breast cancer, ovarian cancer, bladder cancer etc. Some symptoms of vitamin D Deficiency are only found in woman body such as temper changes during premenstrual. It is very much important at pregnancy period.
Vitamin D plays an amazing role for the children to develop their bones. Therefore, it is important for the parents to know the indications of vitamin D deficiency in kids.
Treating Depression: Much More Than Just Medication
Depression is a serious condition that affects many people in the United States. From young to old, it has no agenda and does not care how affluent or poor you are. The longer depression remains untreated, the worse it can get, eventually leading to hospitalization, and quite possibly death. Treating depression is designed to help individuals manage the feelings of sadness, helplessness, and other symptoms so that they may lead an active and productive life.
How Psychotherapy helps
Psychotherapy helps individuals with depression cope with the pain and forces them to deal with the feelings of hopelessness. When cognitive therapy is added, depression sufferers are made to see how their pessimistic attitude and thought patterns are bringing them down and helping them sustain their therapy. Problem solving and behavioural therapy are added to the mix to teach the patient how to look at and change the stresses in their life and move forward in a positive direction.
How medication helps
Medication does not cure depression. That is a fallacy. Instead, medication helps a patient control certain symptoms of the depression so that they can focus on fixing the things that are adding to their depressive state. Taking medication for the majority of depression sufferers is an option, which most take to help them along. There are different types of medication that may be prescribed. These include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI’s) such as Prozac and Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI’s). Some patients prefer to take herbal remedies such as St Johns Wort. You should discuss this with your doctor to ensure that there are no drug interactions.
Together you can move on
By combining anti-depressant medication with psychotherapy techniques, most people are able to pull out of their depression and move on with their lives in a more positive light. There is no quick and simple cure for depression and if you are suffering from bipolar disorder, you will have to work at maintaining yourself so that the depression does not overwhelm you once again.
If you think are suffering from depression, seek medical help. Many of the symptoms could be indicative of a hormonal disorder or other illness. Only your doctor can decide and diagnose you. And only your doctor can help set you on the track to treating depression.
Teen Depression: Know The Signs
There is more to teen depression than moods swings, melancholy, and defiance. It impacts everything in a teenager’s life and can make them feel worthless, lead to drug abuse, or cause them to take matters into their own hands and become violent or suicidal. Being a teen is hard enough, but suffering depression on top of the normal roller-coaster of emotions and hormones makes it even worse. Teens are expected to be in bad moods at times, and even lash and defy the system with their strong sense of self. But depression can change all of that, altering a teen’s personality. When this happens, it is time to seek professional help.
Know the warning signs
Teenagers are fickle creatures caught between the reliance of being a child and the self-reliance of being an adult. Many of them would rather not ask for help, so it is imperative that the people around them recognize the warning signs of depression just in case. That way, they can get the help they need but refuse to ask for.
Knowing the difference between teen depression and the usual drama of being a teenager is very important since both share many similarities. There is no formula by which to judge a teen and know if they are depressed or just moody. The best advice would be to watch the symptoms and see if they steadily get worse or suddenly improve. The symptoms include but are not limited to: sadness; hopelessness; irritability; hostility; anger; uncontrollable crying; withdrawal from friends and family; loss of interest in favourite activities; eating and sleeping habit changes; restlessness; worthlessness; fatigue; difficulty concentrating; and suicidal tendencies. If you think the teenager in your life is at risk, talk to them or seek professional help.
Adult depression and teenage depression are different
Depression can affect anyone at any age, but certain symptoms of depression are more prevalent in teenagers than in adults. Some of these can even cause unhealthy and rebellious behaviour. Irritability and anger are predominant in teens, more so than sadness. Unexplained physical aches and pains, such as headaches and stomach aches, are also a good sign of depression. Criticism and rejection can send a depressed teen over the top, and you may notice that while they are withdrawn from you and others, they are maintaining at least a few friendships, which may or may not be healthy. If you notice any of these symptoms becoming severe, make sure you help them get the help they need.
Depression Test: Should You Seek Medical Help?
Everyone experiences highs and lows, up and downs, sometime through their lives. Occasional bouts with the blues may be nothing more than that. But if you notice that you’re blue more than you are happy or upbeat, something could be wrong. It may be time to seek medical attention and make sure that you are not suffering from depression.
Online depression tests
There is a plethora of online depression tests that you can take to get an idea whether or not you may be suffering from depression. The key here, though, is that it is only an idea. Only a medical professional can diagnose depression and help treat it, and it is better to seek out a doctor if you think your symptoms are severe enough for you. When the blues begin to affect your daily life, that’s a sure sign you should go.
When looking for a self-diagnosing test on the Internet to help you along, try to use ones that come from reputable websites, such as the ones found on medical institute websites, the Mayo Clinic, and WebMD. Always print out the results of your tests and take them with your to your doctor. They can provide valuable information.
Medical depression tests
Once you have taken the step and contacted the doctor about your depression symptoms, he or she may look at the depression tests you took. There are no blood tests or x-rays that can diagnose depression, only your description of your feelings, and symptoms. Your doctor may ask you to take another questionnaire and fill it out before making a final diagnosis.
Your doctor may also refer you to a psychologist or psychiatrist who can help you determine the root of your depression. You may need medication to help control it, but once again, only a licensed physician can prescribe that for you. No matter what else, if you think you are depressed – especially if you are having suicidal thoughts – contact your physician right away and seek medical treatment.
Depression And Chronic Fatigue: How to Understand and Treat These Conditions
Depression and chronic fatigue really are related. Depression and overwork can cause chronic fatigue in individuals and chronic fatigue can sometimes cause depression. Chronic fatigue is a syndrome that is characterized by extreme tiredness that is not relieved by rest. It can be mild or severe and it often starts after an individual recovers from a flu like infection, surgery, traumatic accident, or death of a loved one.
Symptoms can come on gradually, or rapidly, and only a few people ever recover fully from it. While the exact causes are unknown, it is believed that depression, overwork, infections, brain abnormalities, and other bodily abnormalities may contribute to the cause. Like depression, chronic fatigue can affect anybody.
Symptoms of Chronic Fatigue
As the name suggests, the biggest symptom of this syndrome is unexplained fatigued that no amount of rest can assuage. Individuals become so tired that their normal activity levels drop by fifty percent or more. They will have problems concentrating, a sore throat, swollen glands, muscle pain, joint pain without swelling, unusual headaches, and sickness after exerting themselves in exercise or other strenuous activities. They may also find themselves with nausea and with sudden allergies or sinus problems. If left untreated, chronic fatigue can cause depression in some people.
Diagnosing Chronic Fatigue
There is no one all encompassing test that a doctor can perform to diagnose chronic fatigue. Doctors have to use a process of elimination in order to make sure an individual who is having these symptoms is not suffering from something else. Hyperthyroidism, heart disorders, sleep apnoea or narcolepsy, cancer, hepatitis B or C, eating disorders, drug abuse, and many others including depression and bipolar disorder, all can cause fatigue. The doctor will rule all of these out before diagnosing a patient with chronic fatigue.
Treating Chronic Fatigue
Some of the many different methods to treat chronic fatigue include gradual aerobic exercise programs and lifestyle changes – learning to slow down and store up energy for important activities. Cognitive behavioural therapy is also suggested as is medication that will treat some of the symptoms like depression. Treating the existing physical pain and allergies with appropriate measures also helps. While none of these methods work on their own, a doctor and their patient can find the ones that work the best when combined just for them.
Anxiety Therapy: Helping You Help Your Disorder
Have you experienced a panic attack where you suddenly can’t breathe, your skin is clammy, and you feel as if your chest is going to explode? Anxiety therapy can help you cope with situations that trigger this particular response in your body. Doctors and researchers are unsure what causes anxiety disorders or panic attacks, suggesting things from environmental factors to stress to low levels of chemicals in the body. No matter what causes it, there are ways to help you cope with it.
If your doctor diagnoses an anxiety therapy treatment, he or she may suggest behavioural therapy, cognitive therapy, or both. Behavioural therapy helps the patient identify the trigger of the panic attack and then teaches them techniques that will help reduce or even stop the anxiety attack from occurring when presented with the trigger. These techniques could include relaxation and deep breathing in order to forestall the feeling of hyperventilation or passing out.
Cognitive therapy teaches patients how the symptoms of an anxiety disorder manifest themselves based on the thoughts the individual is having. It teaches them how to change those thought patterns and be more aware of their cognitive processes in order to keep the attacks from coming on. When combined with behavioural therapy, most patients learn how to confront and deal with the situations that trigger anxiety attacks in the controlled and safe environment of their doctor’s office.
While cognitive and behavioural therapy is good, some patients do need the help of anti-anxiety medication. The patient is managed by both their therapist, who is helping them learn the cognitive and behavioural techniques, and their physician. Not everyone will need medication to help them cope with the symptoms and stresses of anxiety attacks.
If you are suffering from debilitating anxiety attacks, seek the help of a medical professional. With patience and the proper care, you can learn to overcome them and live your life productively.
Bipolar Disorder: Symptoms
Knowledge is the best weapon to treat any illness, disease, or disorder that can affect the human race. The symptoms of bipolar disorder include more than just the drastic mood swings that are indicative of the disorder. Many of the symptoms can be physical adding to a person’s discomfort. Because bipolar disorder goes through periods of highs and lows called episodes, everyone should be aware that there are actually two sets of symptoms: manic episode symptoms, and depressive episode symptoms.
The symptoms of mania
When a person experiences a manic episode of their bipolar disorder, they experience an elevated mood with three or more symptoms that last for an entire day, everyday for one week or longer. If the person is irritable, then more than three symptoms will be present. These symptoms include but are not limited to: increased energy and activity; overly good mood; irritability; racing thoughts; inability to concentrate on one thing for long; talking fast; little to no sleep needed; poor judgment; unusual behavior; increased sex drive; drug and alcohol abuse; and denial.
Hypomania is a mild to moderate episode that makes the individual feel good and be productive. It is very misleading because the person and the people around them are convinced that there is really nothing wrong. If left untreated, hypomania can become severe or even cause the person suffering the bipolar disorder to sink into depression.
The symptoms of Depression
A depressive episode is at the opposite of the mood pendulum. Episodes may last two weeks or longer instead of just one. A depressive episode is characterized by the individual experiencing five or more of the following symptoms: empty mood or anxiousness; hopelessness; worthlessness; loss in interest in activities the individual usually enjoys; fatigue; difficulty concentrating; restlessness; irritability; too much or not enough sleep; change in diet; chronic pain with no apparent cause; and suicidal thoughts.
If you or someone you know is suffering from any of these bipolar symptoms – be it manic or depressive – strongly encourage them to seek medical attention.
Bipolar Depression: What Are Your Treatment Options?
Bipolar disorder – also known as manic depression and bipolar depression – is a mental illness that is characterised by mood swings that range from euphoria to severe depression. It is a very disabling disorder that can have episodes lasting for weeks or months. Everyone who is around a person who suffers from this is affected and without proper treatment, many people fall to suicide. Bipolar depression can be treated, and if treated properly, those who suffer from it can usually live productive and happy lives.
Types of Bipolar Depression
There are two subtypes to bipolar depression. Bipolar I disorder is characterized by one manic episode with or without the corresponding depressive episode before or after. Bipolar II disorder is characterized by the individual experiencing at least one depressive episode and one hypomanic episode that lasted a few days. In bipolar II disorder, the depressive episodes last longer than the manic ones. A third type of bipolar disorder is cyclothymia, which is characterized by the same mood swings, but are not as severe as the others.
Rapid cycling bipolar disorder is when a person experiences four or more major mood swings in the course of twelve months. These mood swings can happen within hours of each other or months. Mixed state bipolar disorder is when the sufferer experiences depression and mania at the same time. Psychosis – or the detachment from reality – is triggered by severe episodes of both mania and depression.
Diagnosing Bipolar Disorder
Only a medical doctor can diagnose whether or not a person is suffering from bipolar depression. This is done through a variety of psychological and medical tests. The usual physical examination is done to make sure the person is healthy and blood tests may be carried out to make sure everything is functioning properly. Then a discussion about what has been going on including behaviour and feelings will commence. If the doctor feels it is necessary, he or she may send their patient to a psychological expert for treatment or more testing so that they can correctly diagnose the problem.
Treating Bipolar Depression
Individuals suffering from bipolar disorder who wish to live a productive and happy life will have to work at it for the rest of their life. This disorder will not go away after short-term treatment. The severity of the symptoms of the disorder will determine the exact treatments necessary. Medication – including anti-depressants, mood stabilizers, anti-seizure, anti-psychotic drugs – may be prescribed in conjunction with psychotherapy. The psychotherapy will help the individual change their behaviour, show them they are not alone when in a group, and help out the family members. Extreme cases of bipolar disorder may require electroconvulsive therapy and even hospitalization.