A phobia means a fear in Greek but it isn’t just any kind of fear. The phobia is an unrelenting and disabling fear of certain situations, activities, things, animals, or people that forces sufferers to want to avoid them.
A phobia is an irrational fear of something that isn’t dangerous in reality. However, we can develop phobias of virtually anything. Most phobias originate in childhood, but they can also develop in adults.
Phobias are generally invoked by events recorded as dangerous in the amygdale, an area of the brain located behind the pituitary gland in the system. Thus whenever a specific situation happened again the amygdale may release hormones into the body to put the human body into an “alert” state, in which they are ready to move, run, and fight.
People with phobias can realize that their fear is unreasonable, but can’t control their feelings. Just thinking about the object or situation they fear may make them anxious. The symptoms of anxiety and fear can range from feeling of alarm to a panic attack. Panic attacks may cause shake, rapid heart beat, sweat, and breathe quickly. People might have chest pains, feel dizzy, or feel like they suffocate.
There are various phobias but the most common ones include social phobia (fear of public speaking, meeting new people or other social situations), agoraphobia (fear of leaving home), and specific phobias (fear of other items or situations).
Specific phobias are fears of specific things such as spiders, snakes, dogs, water, heights, flying, catching a specific illness, etc. Many people have these fears but to a lesser degree than those who suffer from specific phobias. People with the phobias try to avoid acknowledge of their fears.
No one really knows exactly why certain people are exposed to phobias. Sometimes a traumatic event in a person’s life like the death of a parent, dealing with a divorce can trigger a phobia to start. Almost everyone has any irrational fear or two. Although for most people these fears are insignificant, for some they can cause overwhelming anxiety and impede day-to-day life. If left untreated, a phobia may deteriorate the person’s life and by attempts to avoid or conceal it, leads to problems with health, friends and family, failures in business.